A Jewish child, hidden by a Catholic family for several years, decides later in life to interview 18 women, both Jewish and non-Jewish, who fought in many different ways against the German Occupation in France. That Jewish child grew up to be Monique Saigal, Professor of Romance Languages at Pomona College. In her book, Héroïnes françaises, 1940-1945 : Courage, force et ingéniosité (published in 2008 by Editions du Rocher), recounts how her gradual awakening to her Jewish roots led to her own explorations of women in the French resistance. Who were they? What did they do? Why? In this lecture, Professor Saigal will discuss the personal motivations of political courage. She will also show some excerpts from the DVD made of the interviews with her subjects.